Little House Science: The Milk-Fed Pumpkin
I think there might be more science in Laura Ingalls Wilder’s “Farmer Boy” than in all the other Little House books combined, and that, my friends, is a huge, heavy, awesome load of science!
“Farmer Boy” is the story of Laura’s husband Almanzo’s boyhood, on a huge farm in New York State, and since his family grew or made almost everything they ate, wore, or used in any way, the science is everywhere!
Almanzo’s milk-fed pumpkin was always one of my favorite science experiments; we grew pumpkins, and my mother always had at least one milk-fed pumpkin because, as a little girl, SHE had loved the Little House books, too! Some people don’t believe this works, but I can tell you that it does, because we have done it for many years.
Growing an extra-large, extra-heavy, 4H Fair blue ribbon pumpkin is a lot easier than it sounds. You won’t need any fancy equipment; you’ll just need a little time and a few things you’ve already got around the house. Oh, and you’ll have to make friends with a little science called “osmosis.”
Go out into your pumpkin patch and choose a healthy, blooming vine. Cut off all the stems and branches except one, and on the one vine you’ve saved, cut off all the blossoms except one.
Take a sharp knife – get an adult to help you with this step! – and cut a very small slit on the underside of the vine, between the root and the blossom. The slit should be quite shallow – just enough to barely touch the “juices” inside the vine. There should be no chance of the vine splitting apart; the cut in the vine must be shallow! Underneath the slit, dig a little hole in the dirt and place a Mason jar filled with milk in the hollow. Almanzo used a little bowl, but a Mason jar has less chance of spilling!
Actually, you can put a variety of liquids in the jar, to feed your pumpkin. Tea, fertilizer-enriched water, any kind of milk or cream, or any combination of “nutritious” liquids. Mom used to pour all the leftover milk, tea, and coffee from the dinner table and take it out to pour into the Mason jar.
Now you need a wick, to draw the milk into the vine. Almanzo used a candle wick, and so can you if you have a candle wick handy. Mom always used a strip of cotton cloth. I’ve used lantern wicking, and I think that works best. Get the narrow kind.
Saturate the wicking in your liquid, and put one end of the wicking in the Mason jar, into the milk, and CAREFULLY insert the other end into the slit you cut in the pumpkin vine. Almanzo didn’t “bandage” his pumpkin vine, but Mom always did, and I think it’s a good idea. She just wound a few inches of gauze around the vine’s slit, ensuring that the wick would stay and keeping out insects. She used to tell us that a plant was a living thing, and if it was cut, it should be bandaged and protected against infection.
Whatever you do, don’t spread the slit in your pumpkin vine apart to get the wick into it – slowly work the wick into the cut. It might take more than just a few minutes. If you spread the slit apart, you’ll destroy the stem cells. You’re performing surgery on a living thing, as Mom would say. Be careful!
Now you’ve got a successful graft and you’ve set up your wicking, so let the osmosis begin! Those who don’t believe in the milk-fed pumpkin have probably never taken the time and trouble to try it. We’ve done this for many years, and it really does work for us.
Be sure to check the contents of your Mason jar at least daily, and more often than that if the weather is hot and dry. Your jar must never go dry. Your pumpkin blossom will drink up the milk without ceasing, and the extra nutrition will allow your pumpkin to grow larger and heavier than the pumpkins that are growing normally, right beside it. We always liked to compare the milk-fed pumpkin with its brothers and sisters right next to it, to watch it get bigger in every possible way.
Compared to the bright orange pumpkins growing by your pumpkin’s side, your milk-fed pumpkin will be paler, and its skin will be thinner, and the hollow, when you cut it open, will be much larger. The inside of your special pumpkin will be paler, too. Your special pumpkin will still need to be watered and treated for pests, just like all the other pumpkins. It’s the growing that will be different.
Almanzo got a blue ribbon at the fair for his milk-fed pumpkin. If you do it right, you probably will, too.
Jane Goodwin is a professor of expository writing at Ivy Tech Community College, a hands-on science teacher for College for Kids, a professional speaker and writer, and a social media liaison for Steve Spangler Science. She wanted to be a ballerina and an astronaut, but gravity got the better of her.
Interesting! I love Laura’s books too. I wonder what the pumpkin is taking advantage of? My initial thought is the sugar in the milk, but then in tea and coffee, if they don’t have sugar added, that wouldn’t be it. I wonder if the pumpkins look different if they are fed with straight milk or straight coffee with no sugar, etc.
That’s a good question! We used mostly milk, but also whatever leftover drinks we had from dinner. There would be different nutrients in the different liquids, of course. Our pumpkins were HUGE, paler than the usual bright orange pumpkin, and had a huge hollow absolutely FULL of seeds. Naturally, we toasted the seeds, and they tasted pretty much the same as all the other pumpkins’ seeds. Mmmm, and now I want some toasted pumpkin seeds! Thank you so much for your comment!
I love that you used whatever you had leftover. I have tried this myself and it worked wonders so now each year when we grow pumpkins we add another jar and another beautiful pumpkin.
The first thing I thought of when seeing the part about these pumpkins being paler, was how marigold is fed to chickens to give the egg yolks a darker color. Would feeding the pumpkin a bit of marigold tea provide the same nutrients and help give it a deeper orange color?
Laura Ingalls Wilder is an incredibly accurate source about many aspects of pre-industrial technology. If you’ve read Little House on the Prairie, you actually know how to make a working door-lock from wood and leather; and Farmer Boy will tell you how to make a yoke (for any calves you may want to train). I have put into practice the Little House in the Big Woods instructions for cooking pumpkin and I don’t doubt that the maple syrup processing description is sufficient too!
could I use some yarn instead of the wick?
Yes, any kind of string will do.
There is very little information on this topic throughout the internet.. I have become obsessed at learning more about this method and now I am driven to experiment….
Same here… I’m wondering if adopting this tech into marijuana flowering, would help produce any noticable benifits ie. Bigger buds or perhaps more trichomes or possibly even introduce some exotic colors into the flowers pistols, or stems
This is my first time growing pumpkins. I bought seeds that came for a 2000 lb pumpkin. They ate starting to sprout. What should I do eith the vine? To I lay down good potting drug for the vine to attach it to. This hobby thst I thought would be fun is becoming stressful. I’ve read so many different technics I’m totally confused!!!! HELP