Christmas Tree Safety

Christmas Tree Safety

Real trees can pose a serious fire hazard if the tree dries out.

There's nothing like the fresh smell of a real tree, but real trees can also pose a serious fire hazard if the tree accidentally dries out. Steve Spangler teamed up with Captain Brian Ribble from the Sheridan Fire Department to learn more about tree safety and to experience firsthand the incredible fire risk that exists if a tree accidentally dries out.

The demonstration that the firefighters shared with television viewers is for informational purposes only and is not designed to be replicated by anyone.

Experiment Videos

Proper Care & Feeding of Live Trees

Once you have returned safely home with your Christmas tree, its continued freshness depends upon the type of care you provide. The tree should have a fresh cut across the bottom, about one-inch above the old base. This removes any clogged wood that may not readily absorb water. Next, the tree should be placed in a stand with a large reservoir of water. Depending upon the size, species, and location of the tree, it may absorb a gallon of water in the first day, so it should be checked frequently and re-watered as necessary.

Plain old water is the best

Although some people advocate for placing various substances in the water to preserve freshness, it is recommended that consumers simply keep the tree well-watered with pure tap water. Avoid putting compounds such as sugar, aspirin, and other chemicals into the water. These have not been proven to work and often can inhibit the tree’s intake of water and actually cause it to be more of a hazard.

Keep a tree Fire-Safe 'til Christmas

As long as the tree is able to absorb and transpire water, it is reasonably fire-resistant. It is important that the tree always be kept watered and not be allowed to dry out. If the tree does become dried out, it may not be able to absorb moisture adequately once it is re-watered, and it will shed its needles prematurely. Taking the tree down and cutting approximately one-inch off the bottom of the trunk, then replacing the tree in the stand and re-watering, may remedy this problem. Although inconvenient, it is the only way to prevent early needle loss. Overall, a good rule of thumb is to treat a green Christmas tree just like a fresh bouquet of cut flowers.

Where is the safest in-home location?

The Christmas tree should be located in a safe place, preferably near a wall or corner where it is not likely to be knocked over. Keeping the tree away from heat sources such as hot air ducts, wood stoves, fireplaces, etc., will help to preserve freshness and lessen fire danger. Similarly, light cords and connections used in decorating the tree should be in good working condition. Lights should always be turned off at bedtime or when leaving for an extended period of time.

Why this is so important

Fresh, well-watered Christmas trees do not present a fire hazard. Trees that are dried out, however, do. In public buildings it is often advisable to spray Christmas trees with a fire retardant. In fact, in many locations this is necessary for insurance purposes. In the home, however, the best fire retardant is to keep the tree supplied with plenty of water. Use of hot water is suggested, as it helps the tree to expand its water transporting arteries (xylem and phloem).

Special Thanks

A special thanks to the Sheridan Fire Department from Sheridan, Colorado for staging this demonstration.Information Source: Martha Jacoby / Placer County Public Information Office

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