# Steve Spangler Science

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# Eye Dropper Cartesian Diver

Is it mind control or just a clever science trick?

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Is it mind control or just a clever science trick? It's a classic science experiment using an eye-dropper, a soda bottle filled with water, and some great showmanship. Explore the science of Cartesian divers while amazing your friends with your telekinetic powers. Yeah, right!

This experiment is named after Rene Descartes (1596-1650), a French scientist and mathematician who used the diver to demonstrate gas laws and buoyancy.

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# Experiment

1. Fill the plastic soda bottle to the VERY top with water.
2. Fill the glass eyedropper 1/4 full with water. You may need to experiment with the amount of water in the pipette to make it work.
3. Place the eyedropper into the soda bottle. The eyedropper should float and the water in the bottle should be overflowing. Seal the bottle with the cap.
4. Squeeze the sides of the bottle and notice how the eyedropper (called a diver) sinks. Release your squeeze and it floats back up to the top.
5. Squeeze again and observe the water level in the eyedropper (it goes up).
6. Practice making the diver go up and down without making it look like you're squeezing the bottle. Amaze your friends with your ability to make the eyedropper obey your commands!

# How Does It Work?

Squeezing the bottle causes the diver to sink because the increased pressure forces water up into the diver, compressing the air at the top of the eyedropper. This increases the mass, and density, of the diver causing it to sink. Releasing the squeeze decreases the pressure on the air at the top of the eyedropper, and the water is forced back out of the diver.

Learn how to make a Ketchup Cartesian Diver.

Use our SQUIDY Cartesian Divers (even In the Dark).

Make a game using Hook Cartesian Divers.

## Customer Reviews

You saved my life Review by Shug

I needed to either make a boat or a cartesian diver. I thought a catesian diver would be cool but I did not know. until i saw this. Tanks

(Posted on April 16, 2012)

Spangler, you've done it again! Review by Kathleen G.

My students went nuts and several wanted to make one as a gift for little brothers and sisters. Easy and affordable! Clever, clever, clever!!!

(Posted on May 8, 2013)

Great experiment Review by katie

I used this is class for a display. katie 11 years Thnakyou

(Posted on November 13, 2010)