Identify major structures and functions of a neuron.
The student will identify the major structures and functions of a neuron (nerve cell). The structures include: cell body, nucleus, dendrites, axon, axon terminals, and myelin.
- Box of fruit roll-ups, not fruit-by-the foot (need one box for each group member)
- 1 large bag of pull-n-peel licorice (can be any flavor)
- 1 large bag of red vines (must have hollow center)
- 1 small bag of red candy (each student needs one piece)
- Teacher should draw or have an overhead diagram showing structure of a neuron. At the beginning of the class, go over structures and functions. Tell students what candy to use to build neuron parts.
- Fruit roll up: shape to form cell body
- Round candy: nucleus
- Pull n peel: separate to make dendrites, axon, and axon terminals.
- Red vines: cut into segments and feed axon through to create myelin.
- Each student needs to create a candy neuron and should be able to point out structures.
- After finishing the candy neuron activity, students should draw and label a neuron and list functions on a separate sheet of paper. You could also have students complete a pre-made packet about neurons with the drawing included.
Lesson created by Nancy Smith and Kathy Searle